Occupational Segregation by Sex: The Root of Women’s Disadvantage

  • Barbara R. Bergmann


The separation of work assignments into “men’s jobs” and “women’s jobs” must have originated in the earliest stages of human society. That heritage is still largely with us in the twenty-first century, despite the dramatic changes in women’s roles which have occurred in the last 50 years, despite the laws against sex discrimination, and despite the elimination in most jobs of any need to use more strength than women typically have. In the last half-century, women have entered some male preserves, but many jobs remain off limits to them.


Sexual Harassment Woman Worker Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Occupational Segregation Woman Candidate 
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Copyright information

© Barbara R. Bergmann 2005

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  • Barbara R. Bergmann

There are no affiliations available

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