Occupational Segregation by Sex: The Root of Women’s Disadvantage

  • Barbara R. Bergmann

Abstract

The separation of work assignments into “men’s jobs” and “women’s jobs” must have originated in the earliest stages of human society. That heritage is still largely with us in the twenty-first century, despite the dramatic changes in women’s roles which have occurred in the last 50 years, despite the laws against sex discrimination, and despite the elimination in most jobs of any need to use more strength than women typically have. In the last half-century, women have entered some male preserves, but many jobs remain off limits to them.

Keywords

Tated Stake Undercut Plague Hate 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See Donald Tomaskovic-Devey, Gender & Racial Inequality at Work: The Sources and Consequences of Job Segregation (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
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  3. 4.
    See Candace West and Don H. Zimmerman, “Doing Gender,” Gender and Society 1, 2 (June 1987): 125–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    This is the definition given by the Working Women’s Institute, quoted in Suzanne C. Carothers and Peggy Crull, “Contrasting Sexual Harassment in Female- and Male-Dominated Occupations,” in Karen Brodkin Sacks and Dorothy Remy (eds), My Troubles are Going to Have Trouble with Me (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1984), pp. 219–220.Google Scholar
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  18. 29.
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  19. 30.
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    Max Boot, “For Plaintiffs’ Lawyers, There’s No Place like Home Depot,” Wall Street Journal, February 12, 1997, section A, p. 17. Boot was on the editorial staff of the paper.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barbara R. Bergmann 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara R. Bergmann

There are no affiliations available

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