“In Every Town, Country and Village my Name Will Be Sung”: Hindu Missions in India and Abroad
Christian missionary activity in India has been a major irritant to many Hindus for more than a century: conversion to Christianity was seen as a betrayal of Indian identity, a rejection of the inherited age-old dharma, a “denationalization.” India ceased issuing visas to foreign Christian missionaries from 1957 on, and several Indian states have since introduced legislations making conversion to Christianity a criminal offence. While Christians appeal to a section of the Indian constitution that guarantees freedom of religion, Hindus argue that conversion to Christianity entails social and cultural uprooting, causing social unrest and thus is unconstitutional.
KeywordsTranscendental Meditation East India Company Christian Mission Hindu Tradition Hindu Temple
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