Do Democratic-Autocratic Rivalries Muddy the Monadic Waters?
There are a number of puzzles associated with the democratic peace phenomenon. The most central one, the dyadic puzzle, raises the question of why is there such a phenomenon in the first place? Why are two democratic states less likely to engage in, or escalate, conflict with one another in contrast to how the same two states might deal with non-democracies? There are, of course, a number of possible answers but since we are not sure, the explanation for the dyadic behavior remains a puzzle. Yet this same puzzle also implies a second one, the monadic puzzle. If two democratic states are less likely to be conflictual with one another, why is it that this pacific trait does not extend to all foreign policy behavior in which democratic states engage?
KeywordsForeign Policy Winning Coalition Regime Type Democratic State Major Power
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