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Religious and Nationalist Aspects of Entrepreneurialism in Russia

  • Boris V. Anan’ich

Abstract

In the development of capitalism in the Russian Empire, and in particular of bank structure and bank entrepreneurialism, representatives of various ethnic groups played a large role: not only Russians, but also Jews, Greeks, Armenians, Tatars and, finally, immigrants to Russia. The latter were either dissolved generally into Russian society or constituted as a particular ethnic group, such as the “Moscow Germans.” A known exception among the foreign entrepreneurs working in Russia were the English. They were less subject to assimilation.1

Keywords

Entrepreneurial Activity Jewish Community Jewish Population Islamic Bank Russian Government 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    See William Blackwell, “The Russian Entrepreneur in the Tsarist Period: An Overview,” in Gregory Guroff and Fred V. Carstensen, eds., Entrepreneurship in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983), 24.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Max Weber, “Protestantskaia etika i dukh kapitalizma,” in Max Weber, Izbrannye proizvedeniia (Moscow: Progress, 1990).Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    See the detailed study by Iu.A. Petrov, Dinastiia Riabushinskikh (Moscow: Russkaia Kniga, 1997).Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Ibid. loc cit. See also, B.V. Anan’ich, Bankirskie doma v Rossii, 1860–1914 (Leningrad: Nauka, Leningradskoe otd-nie, 1991).Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    M.P. Riabushinskii, “Tsel’ nashei raboty, Noiabr’–dekabr’ 1916” Materialy po istorii SSSR (Moscow: Institut istorii Akademiia nauk SSSR, 1959), vol. 6, 628–630.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    James Billington, The Icon and the Axe: An Interpretive Study of Russian Culture (New York: Knopf, 1966), 193.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    Robert Crummey, The Old Believers and the World of the Anti-Christ. The Vyg Community and the Russian State, 1649–1855 (Madison, Milwaukee, London: University of Wiscorsin in Press, 1970), 136–137.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    We should keep in mind the difficulty of the thesis concerning the links between the “spirit of capitalism” and the Puritan ethic. In the view of Mariia Ossovskaia, this thesis “is not clearly enough formulated and it is not altogether understood whether these two world views are similar or mutually dependent.” See Mariia Ossovskaia, Rytsar’ i burzhua. Issledovaniia po istorii morali (Moscow: Progress, 1987), 356.Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    See Arcadius Kahan, Essays in Jewish Social and Economic History, Roger Weiss, ed. (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1986), and Arcadius Kahan, “Notes on Jewish Entrepreneurialism in Tsarist Russia,” Guroff and Carstensen, eds., Entrepreneurship in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union, 104–124.Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    A.D. Iuditskii, “Evreiskaia burzhuaziia i evreiskie rabochie v tekstil’noi promysh-lennosti pervoi poloviny XIX v.,” Istoricheskii sbornik, 4 (1935): 116–117;Google Scholar
  11. S. Ia. Borovoi, Kredit i banki v Rossii (Moscow: Gosfinizdat, 1958), 237.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    Werner Sombart, Burzhua (Moscow: Nauka, 1994), 334.Google Scholar
  13. 17.
    See Fritiz Stern, Gold and Iron: Bismarck, Bleichroeder and the Building of the German Empire (New York: Knopf, 1970).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Susan P. McCaffray and Michael Melancon 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boris V. Anan’ich

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