Political Associations, Parties, and the Press
Tocqueville asserted that democracy could not sustain liberty and flourish without political associations. Political associations served as “great free schools to which all citizens come to be taught the general theory of association.” Since political parties were not highly structured in his day,Tocqueville often used political parties and political associations interchangeably.
KeywordsPolitical Party Presidential Election Radio Station Political Association Opposition Parti
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Chapter Six Political Associations, Parties, and the Press
- William J. Foltz, “Social Structure and Political Behavior of Senegalese Elites,” in Steffen W. Schmidt, James C. Scott, Carl Landé, and Laura Guasti (eds.), Friends, Followers and Factions (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977), pp. 242–250.Google Scholar
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- 17.Opposition demands for electoral reform increased sharply after the 1988 elections. See Crawford Young and Babacar Kanté, “Governance, Democracy, and the 1988 Senegalese Elections,” in Goren Hyden and Michael Bratton (eds.), Government and Politics in4frica (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1992) p. 65. For the provisions of the 1991 electoral code, see L’Unité, No. 195 (September 1991), p. 4.Google Scholar
- 18.For the political dynamics underlying the entry of opposition parties into the government coalition, see Linda Beck, “Patrimonial Democrats: Incremental Reforms and the Obstacles to Consolidating Democracy in Senegal,” Canadian Journal of African Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1 (1997), pp. 1–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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- 30.For a detailed analysis of these associations, see Momar-Coumba Diop and Mamadou Diouf, Le Sénégal sous Abdou Diouf: État et Société (Paris: Karthala, 1990), pp. 115–148.Google Scholar
- 32.Tocqueville, Recollections (Garden City: Doubleday & Company, 1970), pp. 32–33.Google Scholar
- 34.Abdou Latif Coulibaly, Wade, un opposant au pouvoir: L’alternance piégée? (Dakar: Les Éditions Sentinneles, 2003).Google Scholar
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