The evolution of the postcolonial African states had many parallels with what happened in France during and after the French Revolution. While old rulers were replaced, centralization was intensified. The opposition was squashed and often accused of collaborating with foreign powers. Liberties proclaimed in constitutions affirming the rights of man were snuffed out or shunted aside.
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Chapter Four Centralization and Democratic Despotism
- 3.For one of the best studies of the emergence of one-party states during the early years of independence, see Aristide R. Zolberg, Creating Political Order: The Party-States of West Africa (Chicago: Rand McNally & Company,1966). For an analysis of African political parties during the last phases of decolonization and early days of independence, seeGoogle Scholar
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- 22.For the principles underlying this innovative state agency and its evolution, see Sheldon Cellar, Robert A. Charlick and Yvonne Jones, Animation Rurale and Rural Development: The Experience of Senegal (Ithaca: Cornell University, 1980).Google Scholar
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