Democracy in Senegal: A Balance Sheet

  • Sheldon Gellar

Abstract

This book has traced the evolution of Senegal from a predominantly aristocratic order toward a more democratic order. Rather than placing the emphasis primarily on national elites, political parties, elections, and the state, we have also looked at the movement toward social equality, local liberties, associational life, and ethnic and religious tolerance as crucial components of the democratization process.

Keywords

Transportation Rubber Income Flare Expense 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Chapter Eleven Democracy in Senegal: A Balance Sheet

  1. 2.
    For more on this phenomenon, see Michael Bratton and Nicolas Van Der Walle, “Neopatrimonial Regimes and Political Transitions in Africa,” World Politics, Vol. 46, No. 4 (1994), pp. 453–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 5.
    Marina Ottaway, Democracy Challenged: The Rise of Semi-Authoritarianism (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2003), pp. 91–108.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Margaret A. Novicki, “Abdoulaye Wade: Democracy’s Advocate,” Africa Report Vol. 36, No. 2 (March-April 1991), pp. 41–44. In December 2004, Wade received the Harriman award from the National Democratic Institute for his lifelong work in promoting the cause of democracy.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Linda Beck, “Le Clientelisme au Sénégal,” in Momar-Coumba Diop (ed.), Le Sénegal Contemporain, (Paris: Karthala, 2002), pp. 529–547.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Mamadou Diarra, Justice et Développement au Sénégal (Dakar: Nouvelles Editions Africaines, 1973), pp. 179–183.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    For a description of the cause and the events leading to the conflict, see Michael Horowitz, “Victims of Development,” IDA Development Anthropology Network Vol. 7, No. 2 (Fall 1989), pp. 1–8 andGoogle Scholar
  7. John V. Magistro, “Crossing Over: Ethnicity and Transboundary Conflict in the Senegal River Valley,” Cahiers D’Études Africaines, Vol. 33, No. 2 (1993), pp. 201–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 12.
    For Senghor’s philosophy on these themes, see Léopold Sédar Senghor, Le Dialogue des Cultures (Paris: Seuil, 1993) and Ce que je crois: négritude, francité et civilization de l’universelle (Paris: B. Grasset, 1988).Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    For an in-depth analysis of French society in Senegal, see Rita Cruise O’Brien, White Society in Black Africa: The French of Senegal (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1972).Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    For Lebanese adaptation strategies, see Said Boumedouha, “Adjustment to African Realities: The Lebanese in Senegal,” Africa, Vol. 60, No. 4 (1990), pp. 538–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 16.
    Moustapha Tambadou (ed.), Les Convergences Culturelles au sein de la Nation Sénégalaise, Actes du colloque de Kaolack (8–13 juin 1994), (Dakar: Imprimérie Saint-Paul, 1996), p. 8.Google Scholar
  12. 22.
    Institut Panos Afrique de l’Ouest, Médias et Élections au Sénégal: La Presse et les nouvelles technologies de l’information dans le processus electoral (Dakar: Panos, 2002), p. 55.Google Scholar
  13. 29.
    République du Sénégal, Le Sénégal en Chiffres (Dakar: Société Africaine d’Edition, 1979).Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Leonardo Villalôn, “Islamism in West Africa: Senegal,” African Studies Review, Vol. 47, No. 2 (September 2004), pp. 68–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sheldon Gellar 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheldon Gellar

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations