NGOs and the Shaping of the European Controls on Small Arms Exports
The power to decide on foreign policy traditionally rests with governments. This is particularly so if policy decisions affect matters of national security such as the manufacture and trade of conventional weapons. During the Cold War, governments were largely autonomous from nongovernmental actors such as arms control campaigners and advocates in their policy formulation and making on arms control. Since the end of the Cold War, however, nongovernmental policy advocates have become prominent actors in policy debates on conventional weapons controls. This at least is suggested by the emergence of prominent policy coalitions between certain governmental and nongovernmental actors jointly pursuing shared aims such as the international ban of anti-personnel landmines or greater controls on the international trade in military small arms. Indeed, this increased role of nongovernmental participation in policy making on conventional arms control opens the question of whether we are witnessing a shift toward the governance of arms control. That is, is there a shift in policy-making authority on conventional arms control away from governments and to non-governmental policy actors?
KeywordsAdvocacy Network Light Weapon Nongovernmental Actor Policy Coalition
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