HIV/AIDS: The International Security Dimensions

  • Stefan Elbe

Abstract

Now in its third decade, HIV/AIDS is well poised to become the most devastating pandemic in modern human history. Throughout the world an estimated 42 million people are already living with HIV, while in some African countries national HIV prevalence rates are currently thought to be well in excess of one-third of the adult population. The immense scale of this pandemic means that almost three times as many persons die from AIDS-related illnesses every day, than died during the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. So great is the scale now reached by this pandemic that scholars and policy makers are beginning to recognize that in the worst affected countries the longer-term impact of HIV/AIDS will not be confined to the individual human tragedies suffered by those persons living with the virus and by their respective families. In these same countries HIV/AIDS will also have a plethora of wider economic, political, and social ramifications that will need to be carefully considered and addressed. Among these hitherto overlooked ramifications, this chapter suggests, are the emerging human, national, and international security dimensions of the illness. Scholars and policy makers will have to recognize these security dimensions in order to arrive at a more comprehensive understanding of the nature of the current pandemic and for the level of the international response to become commensurate with the extent of the humanitarian and global security challenge posed by the AIDS pandemic.

Keywords

Migration Europe Influenza Income Tuberculosis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 3.
    Ann Hwang, “AIDS over Asia: AIDS Has Arrived in India and China,” Guardian (Manchester), January 16, 2001.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    John Gittings, “War on Prejudice as China Awakes to HIV Nightmare,” Guardian (Manchester) November 3, 2000.Google Scholar
  3. 20.
    Lindy Heinecken, “Living in Terror: The Looming Security Threat to Southern Africa;” African SecurityReview 10, no. 4 (2001): 11.Google Scholar
  4. 23.
    I. William Zartman, “Introduction: Posing the Problem of State Collapse,” in Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority, ed. William Zartman, 1–14 (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1995), 2.Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    Chris Allen, “Ending Endemic Violence,” Review of African Political Economy 81 (1999): 317–22, 318–19.Google Scholar
  6. 41.
    Martin Schönteich, “Age and AIDS: South Africa’s Crime Time Bomb?,” African Security Review 8, no. 4(1999), http://www.iss.co.za.Google Scholar
  7. 42.
    Jordan S. Kassalow, “Why Health Is Important to U.S. Foreign Policy” (paper, Council on Foreign Relations, New York and Washington, DC, April 2001), http://www.cfr.org.Google Scholar
  8. 43.
    Judith Large, “Disintegration Conflicts and the Restructuring of Masculinity,” Gender and Development 5, no. 2 (1997): 23–30.Google Scholar
  9. 45.
    Richard Holbrooke (comments on Voice of America, June 8, 2000), http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/ops/war/2000/06/000608-aids1.htm.Google Scholar
  10. 46.
    Mark Schoofs, “A New Kind of Crisis: The Security Council Declares AIDS in Africa a Threat to World Stability,” The Village Voice, January 12–18, 2000, http://www.villagevoice.com.Google Scholar
  11. 47.
    James Astill, “War Injects AIDS into Sierra Leone,” Guardian (Manchester), May 21, 2001.Google Scholar
  12. 49.
    Simon Robinson, “Battle Ahead,” Time, July 16, 2001, 31.Google Scholar
  13. 50.
    Roxanne Bazergan, “UN Peacekeepers and HIV/AIDS,” World Today 57, no. 5 (2001): 6–8, 6.Google Scholar
  14. 52.
    Erich Follath, “Robin Hood und die Multis,” Der Spiegel 14 (2001), 158.Google Scholar
  15. 54.
    Chris Beyrer, War in the Blood: Sex, Politics and AIDS in Southeast Asia (London: Zed Books, 1998), 64–65.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Elke Krahmann 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Elbe

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations