Doctors, Disease, and Development: Engineering Colonial Public Health in Southern Manchuria, 1905–1926

  • Robert John Perrins


The Home Islands of Japan witnessed incredible changes during the Meiji era as Japanese society, politics, foreign relations, and industry were transformed and modernized. Physical manifestations of modernization, such as railways, factories, and Westernized urban landscapes, were not the only evidence of the changes taking place in Japan in the latter half of the nineteenth century A new nationalism also arose during this period—an ideology that, in part, came to be related to extending Japan’s presence abroad through the acquisition of colonies. In 1895, following the first Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), Taiwan became Japan’s first colony. This was quickly followed by the acquisition of the Guandong (Kwantung) leasehold in southern Manchuria in 1905 and the annexation of Korea in 1910. Within only a few decades of embarking on its modernization drive, Japan had emerged, by the turn of the twentieth century, as a growing imperial power in East Asia.1


Japanese Imperialism Port City Liaodong Peninsula Colonial Administration Chinese Laborer 
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© Robert J. Perrins 2005

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  • Robert John Perrins

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