Il Proletario

  • Nunzio Pernicone
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)


Tresca sailed from Le Havre aboard the SS Tourraine in August 1904. As the ship passed the Statue of Liberty, he recalled,

there was a rush to the rail; all eyes were fixed on that beacon of light, seeking to penetrate the breast of that woman, symbolizing the most dear of human aspirations, “LIBERTY,” to see if there was a heart within which beat for all the politically persecuted, for all the slaves of capital, for the disinherited of the earth.1

Tresca, too, got caught up in the excitement. As a socialist, he believed that capitalism was just as oppressive in America as elsewhere, but at that moment “I thought, with a sense of relief and with a more living faith in social change, that I was setting foot upon the land plowed by Jefferson and Lincoln, the land blessed with the strongest, the sanest, the purest of bourgeois democracy.”2


Coal Dust Immigrant Worker Class Struggle Party Affiliation Socialist Party 
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  1. 3.
    Tresca, Autobiography, 67–73; Guadagni and Vidal, Omaggio, 8; Il Martello (New York), December 1, 1920Google Scholar
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  12. Giuseppe Popolizio, “Carlo Tresca-dimenticato?,” Controcorrente 20, 2 (winter 1966): 17–18; interview with Sam Dolgoff, December 8, 1973.Google Scholar
  13. 30.
    Alceo Riosa,Il sindacalismo rivoluzionario in Italia e la lotta politica nel partito socialista dell’etd giolittiana ( Bari: De Donato, 1976 ), 173–216Google Scholar
  14. David D. Roberts, The Syndicalist Tradition and Italian Fascism ( Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979 ), 49–82.Google Scholar
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  16. 31.
    Quoted in A. William Salomone, Italy in the Giolittian Era ( Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1960 ), 51.Google Scholar

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© Nunzio Pernicone 2005

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  • Nunzio Pernicone

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