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Il Proletario

  • Nunzio Pernicone
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)

Abstract

Tresca sailed from Le Havre aboard the SS Tourraine in August 1904. As the ship passed the Statue of Liberty, he recalled,

there was a rush to the rail; all eyes were fixed on that beacon of light, seeking to penetrate the breast of that woman, symbolizing the most dear of human aspirations, “LIBERTY,” to see if there was a heart within which beat for all the politically persecuted, for all the slaves of capital, for the disinherited of the earth.1

Tresca, too, got caught up in the excitement. As a socialist, he believed that capitalism was just as oppressive in America as elsewhere, but at that moment “I thought, with a sense of relief and with a more living faith in social change, that I was setting foot upon the land plowed by Jefferson and Lincoln, the land blessed with the strongest, the sanest, the purest of bourgeois democracy.”2

Keywords

Coal Dust Immigrant Worker Class Struggle Party Affiliation Socialist Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    Tresca, Autobiography, 67–73; Guadagni and Vidal, Omaggio, 8; Il Martello (New York), December 1, 1920Google Scholar
  2. Mario De Ciampis, “Storia del movimento socialista rivoluzionario italiano,” La Parola del Popolo: Cinquantesimo Anniversario (1908–1958), 9 (December 1958–January 1959): 144.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    For an excellent overview of the Italian American radicalism and labor, see Rudolph J. Vecoli, “Italian American Workers, 1880–1920: Padrone Slaves or Primitive Rebels,” in Silvio M. Tomasi, ed., Perspectives in Italian Immigration and Ethnicity ( New York: Center for Migration Studies, 1977 ), 25–49Google Scholar
  4. Rudolph J. Vecoli, “The Italian Immigrants in the United States Labor Movement from 1880 to 1929;” in Bruno Bezza, ed., Gli Italiani fuori d’Italia: Gli emigrati italiani nei movimenti operai dei paesi d’adozione 1880–1940 ( Milan: Franco Angeli, 1983 ), 257–306Google Scholar
  5. Edwin Fenton, Immigrants and Unions, A Case Study: Italians and American Labor, 1870–1920 ( New York: Arno Press, 1975 ), 136–196Google Scholar
  6. Adriana Dadà, “I radicali italo-americani e la società italiana;” Italia Contemporanea 34, 146–147 (June 1982): 131–140Google Scholar
  7. Bruno Ramirez, “Immigration, Ethnicity, and Political Militance: Patterns of Radicalism in the Italian-American Left, 1880–1930,” in Valeria Gennaro Lerda, ed., From “Melting Pot” To Multiculturalism: The Evolution of Ethnic Relations in the United States and Canada ( Rome: Bulzoni Editore, 1990 ), 115–141Google Scholar
  8. Nunzio Pernicone, “Italian Immigrant Radicalism in New York,” in Philip V. Cannistraro, ed., The Italians of New York ( New York: New York Historical Society, 2000 ), 77–90.Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    Leinenweber, “The American Socialist Party and ‘New Immigrants,’ ” Science and Society 32, 1 (winter 1968): 1–25; Vecoli, “The Italian Immigrants,” 262–267; Ramirez, “Immigration, Ethnicity, and Political Militance;” 116–117.Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    Arturo Caroti, Per Carlo Tresca ( Milan: Libreria Editrice “Avanti!;” 1916 ), 28–29.Google Scholar
  11. 22.
    Tresca, Autobiography, 84. Tresca’s special rapport with workers was described by several of his closest comrades: Arturo Giovannitti, “Ecco Carlo Tresca,” L’Avvenire (New York), August 25, 1916Google Scholar
  12. Giuseppe Popolizio, “Carlo Tresca-dimenticato?,” Controcorrente 20, 2 (winter 1966): 17–18; interview with Sam Dolgoff, December 8, 1973.Google Scholar
  13. 30.
    Alceo Riosa,Il sindacalismo rivoluzionario in Italia e la lotta politica nel partito socialista dell’etd giolittiana ( Bari: De Donato, 1976 ), 173–216Google Scholar
  14. David D. Roberts, The Syndicalist Tradition and Italian Fascism ( Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979 ), 49–82.Google Scholar
  15. For Italian American syndicalism, see Michael Miller Topp, Those Without A Country: The Political Culture of Italian American Syndicalists ( Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001 ).Google Scholar
  16. 31.
    Quoted in A. William Salomone, Italy in the Giolittian Era ( Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1960 ), 51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Nunzio Pernicone 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nunzio Pernicone

There are no affiliations available

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