Carlo Tresca pp 123-134 | Cite as

New Enemies

  • Nunzio Pernicone
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)


Every major power in Europe on the eve of World War I was beset by domestic i problems that proved irresolvable in the absence of far-reaching reforms. Significant changes to the status quo, however, were not on any government’s agenda. Instead, as the eminent historian Felix Gilbert observed, “there originated a longing for a turn of events which would make all these intractable problems disappear. To some politicians, weary of seeing their nation divided into hostile camps, war seemed to promise the restoration of a common purpose”1 By the end of the Great War, all the optimistic expectations entertained by the belligerents, particularly the notion that the problems of pre-1914 would disappear in a blaze of nationalist gunfire, had been shattered. Prewar problems did not disappear; they reemerged from the ashes of trench war more destructive and intractable than before, providing fertile soil for extremism of the Left and the Right: Bolshevism and Fascism. Tresca devoted his life to the fight against both new enemies of freedom and human dignity with a fierce resolve equaled by very few.


Russian Revolution Italian Immigrant Fascist Regime Revolutionary Process Militant Minority 
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© Nunzio Pernicone 2005

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