Knowing the Promises, Facing the Challenges: The Role of the Internet in Development and Human Rights Campaigns and Movements in the Arab Middle East
Over the last decade, there has been mounting interest in the uses of Information CommunicationTechnologies—ICTs—(satellites, computers, telephones, faxes, and the Internet) in human rights and developmental movernents and campaigns around the world. The Internet is the quintessence of this new ICT technology, with its speed, lack of centralization, and citizen-to-citizen connectivity. According to some analysts, the Internet has shifted power to access and present information from governments to people, which has given rise to the hope, and fuel to the claim, that it is indeed a possible democratizing force. While there is truth to those claims, one must not lose sight of the problems and challenges that impede such progress. After all, the Internet continues to be an elitist tool whose access, cost, and skills make it prohibitive to many in the Global South. It is specifically controversial in the area of development—should we use development in a much narrower sense—where the rate of illiteracy is high in some poor countries, not to mention the rate of computer literacy and technical skills.
KeywordsSyria Expense Hunt Egypt Alan
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ahmed, Ashfaq. 2003. “Internet Chatting Is Becoming an Addiction.” Gulf News July 29 <http://www.gulf-news.com/Articles/news.asp?ArticleID=93777>.
- Alterman, Jon B. 2002. The Effect of Satellite Television on Arab Domestic Politics. Google Scholar
- Al Thani, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa. 2003. Speech on the Eve of the Referendum for a Constitution, April 23 <http://www.al-bab.com/arab/docs/ qatar/ emir2003.htm>.
- Amnesty International Report. 2002. Jordan: Freedom of Expression at Risk, 19/03.Google Scholar
- Bush, George W. 2001. “Homeland Security Presidential Directive-2.” Combating Terrorism Through Immigration Policies. October 29.Google Scholar
- Docherty, Alan. 1999. “Net Journalists Outwit Censors,” in Wired News March 13.Google Scholar
- Emirates Internet & Multimedia. Number of Internet Cafes in UAE Doubles. <http://www.emirates.net.ae/>.
- Hamilton, Lee. 2003. “National Security and Science and Technology.” In Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Seience and Technology in Countering Terrorism. Washington, D.C.: Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. National Research Council, National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Kraidy, Marwan. 2003. “Arab Satellite Television Between Regionalization and Globalization.” Global Media Journal 2, no. 2 (Spring).Google Scholar
- Lee, Jennifer. 2001. “TECHNOLOGY; Companies Compete to Provide Internet Veil for the Saudis.” New York Times, Late Edition—Final, Section C, Page 1, Column 2. November 19.Google Scholar
- Naughton, John. 2001. “Contested Space: the Internet and Global Civil Society,” in Global Civil Society, ed. Helmut Anheier et al. London: Center for the Study of Global Governance.Google Scholar
- Reporters without Borders. 2002. The Internet on Probation: Anti-Terrorism Drive Threatens Internet Freedoms Worldwide. Google Scholar
- —. 2002. 20 Enemies of the Internet. Google Scholar
- —. 2003. Annual Report 03. Google Scholar
- Rodgers, Jayne. 2001. Globalization and the Internet: Practices and Political Transformation. Paper presented to the ISA Hong Kong Convention of International Studies, July 26–28.Google Scholar
- Winner, Langdom. 1991. “Mythinformation.” In Questioning Technology, ed. John Zerzan and Alice Carnes. Penn: New Society Publishers.Google Scholar
- Zineldin, Mosad. 1998. Globalisation and Economic Integration among Arab Countries. The fourth Nordic Conference on Middle Eastern Studies: The Middle East in Globalizing World. Oslo, August 13–16.Google Scholar