The World Social Forum: Arena or Actor?

  • Teivo Teivainen


The concentration of power in transnational and global institutions was one of the most significant social processes of the twentieth century. Nevertheless, democratic theory and practice have remained very nation-state-centered. Although there were some examples of cosmopolitan democratic thinking and transnational democratic practice throughout the century, most analysts and politicians simply ignored them. An example of a reasonably moderate attempt to democratize global power relations, especially as regards the North—South dimension, was the 1970s project of the New International Economic Order (NIEO). It did not, however, lead to any significant redistribution of power and was considered a failure by most commentators of the 1980s and 1990s.


Civil Society Worker Party Civil Society Organization Organize Committee World Economic Forum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Janie Leatherman and Julie Webber 2005

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  • Teivo Teivainen

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