The Crisis in Darfur and the North-South Peace Process

  • Amir H. Idris


The recent political violence in the western region of Darfur demonstrates the complexity of the Sudan’s tragedy. While the GOS and the SPLA/M are negotiating to end the longest running civil war in the South, a new civil war erupted in the region of Darfur. There are signs that the GOS and the SPLA/M are searching for a comprehensive peace agreement to end the longest running civil war in the south. Supported by the United States of America and other African and Western countries, the peace negotiations between the GOS and the SPLA/M, however, have focused on outstanding north-south conflicts over identity, power and wealth sharing, and the future of the three contested regions of the Nuba Mountains, Blue Nile, and Southern Kordofan. But the north-south conflict is only one of the many regional conflicts that have devastated Sudan. Furthermore, political parties within and outside the NDA have contested the SPLA/M and the Sudan government’s monopoly of peace negotiations, labeling them as nondemocratic in their handling of issues pertinent to the future of the whole country.


Political Violence Peace Process Peace Negotiation Rebel Group Indirect Rule 
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  1. 4.
    See Susan Rice and Gayle Smith, Washington Post, May 30, 2004.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    See R.S. O’Fahey (2004) “A Distant Genocide in Darfur,” Sudan Studies Association Newsletter, vol. 23, no. 1, May, p. 6.Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    See R.S. O’Fahey (1973) “Slavery and the Slave Trade in Dar Fur,” Journal of African History, vol. xiv, no. 1, p. 37.Google Scholar
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    See de Waal (1993) “Some Comments on Militias in the Contemporary Sudan,” in Civil War in the Sudan, p. 143.Google Scholar
  5. 32.
    The protocol has exempted non-Muslims from the implementation of the Sharia law. But we have to be mindful of the fact that many Muslims criticize the implementation of the Islamic law in the North. For an interesting perspective on this issue see Abdulahi Ahmed An-Na’im (1990) Toward an Islamic Reformation: Civil Liberties, Human Rights, and International Law, Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  6. 33.
    See John Garang (1992) The Call for Democracy in Sudan, edited and introduced by Mansour Khalid, London and New York: Kegan Paul International, pp. 26–27p.Google Scholar

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© Amir H. Idris 2005

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  • Amir H. Idris

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