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Shishôsetsu Theory in Japan and the Creation Society’s Encounter with the Form

  • Christopher T. Keaveney
Chapter
  • 32 Downloads
Part of the Comparative Perspectives on Modern Asia book series (CPMA)

Abstract

The members of the Creation Society, who were to play such vital roles in the construction of this new literature, were all young when the Society was formed in 1921, and the exuberance of their early writings was in keeping with the character of the age. Moreover, the most important of the founding members, including Guo Moruo (1892–1978), Yu Dafu (1896–1945), Zhang Ziping (1893–1959), and Cheng Fangwu (1897–1984), were all in Japan when the idea of forming a literary society was conceived. All four had been sent to Japan by the Chinese government in order to acquire practical skills, which they were expected to apply to the modernization of China upon their return. However, as with Lu Xun, Zhou Zuoren, and other writers who had preceded them to Japan as exchange students, the Creationists, in Japan during the former part of the Taishô period, came under the spell of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Western literature and decided to pursue the path of the literati (wenren)1

Keywords

Chinese Writer Literary Society East Asian Society Modern Chinese Literature Young Writer 
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Notes

  1. 3.
    Inaba Shoji, Iku Tappu [Yu Dafu]: Sono seishun to shi (Tokyo: Tôhô senshu, 1982), 199Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Gail Bernstein, “Kawakami Hajime,” in H.D. Harootunian and Bernard S. Silberman, eds. Japan in Crisis: Essays on Taisho Democracy (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1974), 83Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Bonnie McDougall, The Introduction of Western Literary Theories into Modern China (Tokyo: Centre for East Asian Cultural Studies, 1971), 145Google Scholar
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    Benjamin Schwartz, from the Introduction to Reflections on the May Fourth Movement (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973), 6Google Scholar
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    Irena Powell, Writers and Society in Modern Japan (Tokyo: Kodansha International Ltd., 1983), 31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Edward Fowler, The Rhetoric of Confession: Shishôsetsu in Early Twentieth Century Japanese Fiction (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1988), 20Google Scholar
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    Noriko Mizuta Lippit, Reality and Fiction in Modern Japanese Literature (New York: MacMillan Press, 1980), 35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Tomi Suzuki, Narrating the Self: Fictions of Japanese Modernity (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1996), 49Google Scholar
  9. 27.
    Ishizaka Mikimasa, Shishôsetsu no riron: sono hôhô to kadai o megutte (Theories of the shishôsetsu: Considering Its Approaches and Themes) (Tokyo: Yachiyo shuppan, 1985), 18Google Scholar

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© Christopher T. Keaveney 2004

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  • Christopher T. Keaveney

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