“Working Like a Dog”: African Labor and Racing the Human-Animal Divide in Early Modern England

  • Francesca Royster
Part of the Signs of Race book series (SOR)


Jeanne Addison Roberts sees the function of animal imagery in early modern English culture as means to explore what can’t be faced directly: “As agents of revelation, animals operate effectively because they operate to expose a duality in humanity, a haunting combination of the recognized and the strange. Because they are both familiar and mysterious, they can often serve as links between the known and the unknown. In literature and in art, animals often function as guides to previously unexplored psychic landscapes—regions hitherto unsuspected, ignored, or avoided.”1


Black People Early Modern Period Primate Vision Golden Retriever Slave Labor 
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Copyright information

© Philip D. Beidler and Gary Taylor 2005

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  • Francesca Royster

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