Angells in America

  • Karen Ordahl Kupperman
Part of the Signs of Race book series (SOR)


On the morning of March 22, 1622 in a highly coordinated attack, the Pamunkey Indians of Virginia and their allies fell upon the English settlements that had been spreading alarmingly on both sides of the James River for the preceding four years and wiped out or took captive about a third of the English population. Edward Waterhouse in London compiled the official Virginia Company account of the “Barbarous Massacre in the time of peace and League” out of the letters and personal reports that made their way home. The reports affirmed that the “utter extirpation” of the English had been the Pamunkeys’ goal, “which God of his mercy (by the meanes of some of themselves converted to Christianitie) prevented.” The planters had encouraged “daily familiarity” with their American neighbors “for the desire we had of effecting that great master-peece of workes, their conversion.


Seventeenth Century Sixteenth Century English Reader Ancient Text English Writer 
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© Philip D. Beidler and Gary Taylor 2005

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  • Karen Ordahl Kupperman

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