The Military Defense of Cuba: But Can the FAR still Deter?

  • Hal Klepak
Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)


In the plethora of new taskings, new responsibilities, and new or expanded roles taken on in the Special Period by the FAR, it is easy to forget that its chief responsibility remains the deterrence of invasion. The FAR do not of course forget this. Nor do they forget that while La Guerra de Todo el Pueblo is, as a strategy, far from its earlier real potential to function, nonetheless it remains the basic defense of the nation. And that strategy proposes of course that if deterrence fails, it remains for the FAR as regular armed forces, and the reserve forces of both the Ejército de Trabajo Juvenil and the Milicias Territoriales, to defeat that invasion if launched.


Armed Force Special Period Military Defense Land Force Cuban Revolution 
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  1. 1.
    This did not apply to secret initiatives. Reagan sent General Vernon Walters, ambassador-at-large and former CIA deputy director, to Havana in 1982. Szulc, Fidel: A Critical Portrait, p. 74; and Robert Levine, Secret Missions to Cuba: Fidel Castro, Bernardo Benes and Cuban Miami, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001, pp. 164–165.Google Scholar
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  4. 10.
    These issues and an insecure Caribbean Basin are addressed in Lilian Babeo, “El Caribe: las agendas de seguridad y defensa y el impacto del 11 de septiembre,” in Francisco Rojas Aravena (Ed.), La Seguridad en América Latina pos 11 de septiembre, Caracas, Nueva Sociedad, 2003, pp. 212–235, especially p. 231.Google Scholar
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© Hal Klepak 2005

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  • Hal Klepak

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