The Military Defense of Cuba: But Can the FAR still Deter?

  • Hal Klepak
Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)

Abstract

In the plethora of new taskings, new responsibilities, and new or expanded roles taken on in the Special Period by the FAR, it is easy to forget that its chief responsibility remains the deterrence of invasion. The FAR do not of course forget this. Nor do they forget that while La Guerra de Todo el Pueblo is, as a strategy, far from its earlier real potential to function, nonetheless it remains the basic defense of the nation. And that strategy proposes of course that if deterrence fails, it remains for the FAR as regular armed forces, and the reserve forces of both the Ejército de Trabajo Juvenil and the Milicias Territoriales, to defeat that invasion if launched.

Keywords

Sugar Migration Europe Shipping Mold 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    This did not apply to secret initiatives. Reagan sent General Vernon Walters, ambassador-at-large and former CIA deputy director, to Havana in 1982. Szulc, Fidel: A Critical Portrait, p. 74; and Robert Levine, Secret Missions to Cuba: Fidel Castro, Bernardo Benes and Cuban Miami, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001, pp. 164–165.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Michael Erisman, Cuba’s International Relations: The Anatomy of a Nationalistic Foreign Policy, Boulder, Westview, 1985.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    See the early 1990s work on these changes by authors who saw the new context for what it was in H. Michael Erisman and John Kirk (Eds.), Cuba’s Foreign Policy Confronts a New International Order, Boulder, Lynne Rienner, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    These issues and an insecure Caribbean Basin are addressed in Lilian Babeo, “El Caribe: las agendas de seguridad y defensa y el impacto del 11 de septiembre,” in Francisco Rojas Aravena (Ed.), La Seguridad en América Latina pos 11 de septiembre, Caracas, Nueva Sociedad, 2003, pp. 212–235, especially p. 231.Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    For the story of the Cienfuegos mutiny, see Luis Rosado Eiró, Cienfuegos: Sublevaciôn de todo un pueblo, Havana, Editora Política, 1997.Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    See Mary-Alice Waters, Marianas in Combat: Teté Puebla and the Mariana Grajales Women’s Platoon in Cuba’s Revolutionary War 1956–58, New York, Pathfinder, 2003, especially pp. 27–55.Google Scholar
  7. For an analysis of women in Cuban society emphasizing the work that still needs to be done, see Norma Vasallo Barrueta, “El Género: un análisis de la ‘naturalización,’ ” in Luis Íñiguez Rojas and Omar Eveleny Pérez Villanueva (Eds.), Heterogeneidad social en la Cuba actual, Havana, Universidad de La Habana Press, 2004, pp. 91–104.Google Scholar
  8. 26.
    Armando Nova González, “El Mercado interno de los alimentos,” in Omar Everleny Pérez Villanueva, Cuba: reflexiones sobre su economía, Havana, University of Havana Press, 2001, pp. 193–208, especially p. 196.Google Scholar

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© Hal Klepak 2005

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  • Hal Klepak

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