The Missing Public in U.S. Public Diplomacy

Exploring the News Media’s Role in Developing an American Constituency
  • Kathy Fitzpatrick
  • Tamara Kosic

Abstract

In 1968, Stephen H. Miller lost his life in Vietnam. His service to his country was recognized when his name was inscribed on a memorial in Washington, D.C., that recognizes those who gave their lives for their country in the line of duty. But Miller’s name is not on a wall of the Vietnam Memorial visited by millions every year. It is located on a wall in the lobby of the State Department seldom seen by visitors to the nation’s capital.

Keywords

Mercury Arena Egypt Defend Hyde 

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Notes

  1. 4.
    See U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, “Building America’s Public Diplomacy Through a Reformed Structure and Additional Resources,” 2002. See also Kathy R. Fitzpatrick, “U.S. Public Diplomacy: Telling America’s Story,” Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. 70, No. 13 (May 1, 2004), pp. 412–417.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    See Marci McDonald, “Branding America,” U.S. News & World Report Vol. 131, No. 22 (November 26, 2001), p. 46.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    See Report of the Advisory Group on Public Diplomacy for the Arab and Muslim World, Changing Minds Winning Peace, 2003, Appendix A: The Shared Values Initiative. See also Kathy R. Fitzpatrick, “U.S. Public Diplomacy: Telling America’s Story,” Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. 70, No. 13 (May 1, 2004), pp. 412–417, in which the lead author also cites these efforts.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    See Kathy R. Fitzpatrick, “U.S. Public Diplomacy: Telling America’s Story,” Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. 70, No. 13 (May 1, 2004), pp. 412–417.Google Scholar
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    Maxwell McCombs, “Building Consensus: The News Media’s Agenda-Setting Roles,” Political Communication, Vol. 14, No. 4 (1997), pp. 433–443, at 433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    John L. Hulteng, Playing It Straight: A Practical Discussion of the Ethical Principles of the American Society of Newspaper Editors (Chester, CT: The Globe Pequot Press, 1981), p. 5.Google Scholar
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    Philip Seib, “Politics of the Fourth Estate,” Harvard International Review, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Fall 2000), pp. 60–63, at 63.Google Scholar
  8. 27.
    Michael Parks, “Foreign News: What’s Next?” Columbia journalism Review, Vol. 40, No. 5 (January–February 2002), pp. 52–53, at 52.Google Scholar
  9. 28.
    Michael Parks, “Foreign News: What’s Next?” Columbia Journalism Review, Vol. 40, No. 5 (January–February 2002), pp. 52–53, at 53.Google Scholar
  10. 30.
    See Bernard Cohen, The Press and Foreign Policy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1963), p. 299;Google Scholar
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  12. James P. Winter and Chain H. Eye, “Agenda Setting for the Civil Rights Issue,” in David L. Protests and Maxwell McCombs, eds., Agenda Setting: Readings on Media, Public Opinion, and Policymaking (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1991), pp. 101–107.Google Scholar
  13. 31.
    See Benjamin I. Page and Robert Y. Shapiro, “Presidents as Opinion Leaders: Some New Evidence,” Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 12 (1984), p. 651, finding that prestige newspapers “may not be a bad indicator of the general thrust of news” read by U.S. citizens.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 32.
    Thomas E. Nelson, Rosalee Clawson, and Zoe M. Oxley, and, “Media Framing of a Civil Rights Conflict and Its Effect on Tolerance,” American Political Science Review, Vol. 91 (1997), pp. 567–583, at 567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 38.
    The Smith—Mundt Act (CITE), e.g., passed in 1948 and still in effect today, prohibits the distribution of public diplomacy materials in the United States and limits access by the U.S. media to information targeted for dissemination outside American borders. See Kathy R. Fitzpatrick, Vital Speeches of the Day, May 1, 2004.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip Seib 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathy Fitzpatrick
  • Tamara Kosic

There are no affiliations available

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