Advertisement

Abstract

Sovereignty is one of the foremost institutions of our world: it has given political life a distinctive constitutional shape that virtually defines the modern era and sets it apart from previous eras. As A.P. d’Entrèves puts it: “The importance of the doctrine of sovereignty can hardly be overrated. It was a formidable tool in the hands of lawyers and politicians, and a decisive factor in the making of modern Europe.”1 And not only Europe: in the past century or two, sovereignty has become a cornerstone of modern politics around the world. It was originally an institution of escape from rule by outsiders and to this day it remains a legal barrier to foreign interference in the jurisdiction of states. Basic norms of the UN Charter (Articles 2 and 51) enshrine the principle of equal sovereignty, the doctrine of nonintervention, and the inherent right of self-defense.

Keywords

European Union International Relation Political Life Political Authority World Politics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    A.P. d’Entrèves, Natural Law (London: Hutchinson, 1970), p. 67.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The expression is Laski’s. See H. Laski, A Grammar of Politics (London: Allen & Unwin, 1978).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.L. Briefly, The Law of Nations (London: Oxford University Press, 1938), p. 40.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.H. Hinsley, Sovereignty (New York: Oxford, 1966), p. 26.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hinsley, “The Concept of Sovereignty and the Relations between States,” in W.J. Stankiewicz (ed.), In Defense of Sovereignty, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1969), 275.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    See R. Falk, “The Grotian Moment,” International Insights vol. 13 (Fall 1997), pp. 3–34 and my reply to that claim in chapter 8.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sir George Clark, Early Modern Europe (New York: Oxford, 1960), pp. 27–28.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E.H. Kantorowicz, The King’s Two Bodies (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1957).Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    M. Keen, Medieval Europe (Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books, 1991), p. 262.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    J.H. Elliott, “A Europe of Composite Monarchies,” Past and Present, no. 137 (November 1992), pp. 48–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 12.
    J. Canning, A History of Medieval Political Thought, 300–1450 (London: Routledge, 1996), p. 84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 14.
    This is a modification of the notion of universitas theorized by M. Oakeshott, “The Rule of Law,” in his On History and Other Essays (Oxford: Blackwell, 1983);Google Scholar
  13. also see M. Oakeshott, On Human Conduct (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975).Google Scholar
  14. 19.
    M. Wight, Systems of States (Leicester, Leicester University Press, 1977), p. 151.Google Scholar
  15. 20.
    See J. Vincent, “Realpolitik,” in J. Mayall (ed.), The Community of States (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982), pp. 73–85.Google Scholar
  16. 21.
    J. Burckhardt, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, vol. 1 (New York: Harper & Row, 1958), pp. 120–42.Google Scholar
  17. 22.
    S. Wolin, Politics and Vision (Boston: Little, Brown, 1960), p. 143Google Scholar
  18. 23.
    See Norman Davies, Europe: A History (London: Pimlico, 1997), p. 490.Google Scholar
  19. 24.
    M.J. Tooley (tr.), Bodin: Six Books of the Commonwealth (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994).Google Scholar
  20. 29.
    See A. Osiander, The States System of Europe, 1640–1990 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994), pp. 27–28.Google Scholar
  21. 32.
    J.N. Figgis, The Divine Right of Kings (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1965).Google Scholar
  22. 33.
    M.N. Shaw, Title to Territory in Africa (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1986), p. 17.Google Scholar
  23. 35.
    James Madison in The Federalist no. 10, reprinted in R.M. Hutchins (ed.), Great Books of the Western World (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952), vol. 43, pp. 49–53.Google Scholar
  24. 38.
    Jennifer Jackson Preece, “Ethnic Cleansing as an Instrument of Nation-State Creation,” Human Rights Quarterly, vol. 20 (1998), pp. 817–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 39.
    See Jennifer Jackson Preece, National Minorities and the European Nation-States System (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 42.
    A. Pellet, “The Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee,” European Journal of International Law, vol. 3 (1992), pp. 178–85.Google Scholar
  27. 43.
    E. Gellner, Nations and Nationalism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993), p. 74.Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Jennifer Jackson Preece, “Minority Rights in Europe: From Westphalia to Helsinki.” Review of International Studies, vol. 23 (January 1997), pp. 75–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 47.
    K.J. Alter, “Who Are the ‘Masters of the Treaty’? European Governments and the European Court of Justice,” International Organization, vol. 52 (Winter 1998), pp. 121–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 48.
    N. MacCormick, “Liberalism, Nationalism and the Post-Sovereign State,” Political Studies, vol. XLIV (1996), p. 555.Google Scholar
  31. 49.
    For an argument that sovereignty is a bargaining resource that is being shared among EU states see Robert O. Keohane, “Hobbes’s Dilemma and Institutional Change in World Politics: Sovereignty in International Society,” in H-H. Holm and G. Sorensen (eds.), Whose World Order: Uneven Globalization and the End of the Cold War (Boulder, Co: Westview, 1995), pp. 165–86.Google Scholar
  32. 51.
    Quoted by J.H.H. Weiler, “European Neo-constitutionalism: In Search of Foundations for the European Constitutional Order,” Political Studies, vol. XLIV (1996), pp. 520–21.Google Scholar
  33. 56.
    U. Preuss, “Two Challenges to European Citizenship,” Political Studies, vol. XLIV (1996), pp. 543–44.Google Scholar
  34. 59.
    H. Bull, The Anarchical Society, 2nd ed. (London: Macmillan, 1995).Google Scholar
  35. 61.
    D.M. Frame (tr.), The Complete Essays of Montaigne (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1958), book 3, ch. 13, p. 816.Google Scholar
  36. This translation is from P. Burke, Montaigne (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981), p. 33.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Robert Jackson 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Jackson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations