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Court–President Clashes: The Cases of Abraham Lincoln, Franklin Roosevelt, and Bill Clinton

  • Michael A. Genovese
  • Robert J. Spitzer

Abstract

Over the course of U.S. history, there have been a number of significant clashes between presidents and Courts. Three of the most important were the challenges posed by the presidencies of Abraham Lincoln, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and William Jefferson Clinton. Although each poses a different set of circumstances and issues, each is an exemplar of how interactions between the president and the judiciary have shaped these presidencies. Most of the cases mentioned in this chapter are reprinted in the chapters to come. We offer these three accounts to provide an instructive narrative underscoring the interplay of law, politics, and interbranch jockeying.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Executive Branch Supreme Court Decision Constitutional Amendment Executive Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    Clinton Rossiter, The Supreme Court and the Commander-in-Chief (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1951), 25.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Richard N. Current, “The Lincoln Presidents,” Presidential Studies Quarterly (Winter 1979): 32.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Robert H. Jackson, The Struggle for Judicial Supremacy (New York: Vintage, 1941).Google Scholar
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    Philip Abbott, The Exemplary Presidency: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the American Political Tradition (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1990), chapter 7.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    William E. Leuchtenburg, “Court-Packing Plan,” in Otis L. Graham and Meghan Robinson Wander, eds., Franklin D. Roosevelt: His Life and Times (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1985), 86.Google Scholar
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    David Gray Adler, “Court, Constitution, and Foreign Affairs,” in Adler and Larry George, eds., The Constitution and the Conduct of America Foreign Policy (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996), 25.Google Scholar
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    David J. Danelski, “The Saboteurs’ Case,” Journal of Supreme Court History 1 (1996): 80. See also Louis Fisher, Nazi Saboteurs on Trial (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2003).Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    Richard M. Pious, “The Paradox of Clinton Winning and the Presidency Losing,” Political Science Quarterly 114, no. 4 (1999–2000): 590.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    David Gray Adler and Michael A. Genovese, eds., The Presidency and the Law: The Clinton Legacy (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael A. Genovese 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Genovese
    • 1
  • Robert J. Spitzer
    • 2
  1. 1.Loyola Marymount UniversityUSA
  2. 2.SUNY CortlandUSA

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