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Introduction

  • Michael A. Genovese
  • Robert J. Spitzer

Abstract

With the Chief Justice presiding over a packed Senate Chamber and a worldwide television audience viewing with nervous anticipation, the clerk began to call the roll:

Senator Abraham … “guilty”

Senator Akaka … “not guilty”

Senator Allard … “guilty”

Senator Ashcroft … “guilty”

Senator Baucus … “not guilty”

Senator Bayh … “not guilty”

As the yeas and nays echoed throughout the chamber, it became clear that although President Clinton was impeached by the Republican-controlled House of Representatives (only the second president in history, but the first elected president to be impeached), the Republican-controlled Senate could not muster the two-thirds vote needed to convict. In the end, the Republicans could not even get a majority to vote in favor of any of the articles of impeachment.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Emergency Condition Good Government Electoral College Executive Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America (New York: New American Library, 1956), 73.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Edmund S. Morgan, Inventing the People (New York: Norton, 1988).Google Scholar
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    Thomas E. Cronin, ed. Inventing the American Presidency (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1989).Google Scholar
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    Harvey C. Mansfield, Taming the Prince: The Ambivalence of Modern Executive Power (New York: Free Press, 1989), 1.Google Scholar
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    Ralph Ketcham, Presidents Above Party (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984), 9.Google Scholar
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    Charles Beard and Mary Beard, The Rise of American Civilization (New York: Macmillan, 1933), 317.Google Scholar
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    Robert J. Spitzer, The Presidential Veto (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1988).Google Scholar
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    Louis Fisher, Constitutional Dialogues (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
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    Thomas E. Cronin and Michael A. Genovese, The Paradox of the American Presidency (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), chapter 8.Google Scholar
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    Michael Kammen, A Machine That Would Go of Itself (NY: Random House, 1986).Google Scholar
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    See Aaron Wildavsky, “The Two Presidencies,” Transaction (December 1966): 7–14.Google Scholar
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    Robert J. Spitzer, President and Congress (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993), 142–46.Google Scholar
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    As Wolfram F. Hanrieder writes: “Separation not only sharpens a subsequent correlation of external and internal dimensions, but also acknowledges that both dimensions reach into significantly different analytical environments— namely, the external-international-operational and the internal-domestic-motivational.” “Compatibility and Consensus: A Proposal for the Conceptual Linkage of External and Internal Dimensions of Foreign Policy,” American Political Science Review 61, no. 4 (December 1967): 975.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael A. Genovese 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Genovese
    • 1
  • Robert J. Spitzer
    • 2
  1. 1.Loyola Marymount UniversityUSA
  2. 2.SUNY CortlandUSA

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