The Holocaust ended the life of European Jews as it had existed for centuries. Jews were segregated, isolated, hunted down, and murdered in unprecedented fashion. Whereas the Shoah is commonly understood as having led to the physical destruction of the European Jewish community, what has been acknowledged explicitly only in the past decades is how these events also brought about a traumatic shift in identity for surviving West-European Jews, in particular the assimilated, middle-class Jews of Western and Central Europe who had to confront and redefine their sense of belonging to Europe after 1945, as Jews and as citizens of a certain nationality.
KeywordsGerman Language German State Minor Literature Jewish Culture Literary Canon
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