Power, Religion, and the Effects of Publicness in 20th-Century Shiraz

  • Setrag Manoukian
Part of the Culture and Religion in International Relations book series (CRIR)


The photos of people marching in the streets during the Iranian revolution of 1979 and the televised spectacle of masses of Iranians grieving at the funeral of Ayatollah Khomeini in 1989 remain in Western media central images to any discussion about the political relevance of Islam, especially in relation to its mass character. The compact, indistinct character of the mass and its emotional behavior is often framed as an implicit or explicit example of the “primordial” and “archaic” link between Islam and the population of Iran, projecting the country into a space of alterity where religion is the explanatory trope deployed for all occasions.


Islamic Republic Religious Discourse Political Subject Religious Scholar Bicycle Group 
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© Armando Salvatore and Mark LeVine 2005

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  • Setrag Manoukian

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