The study has been an attempt to examine the experiences of John Brown Russwurm in relation to the American colonization initiatives in West Africa. It provides examples of the institutional values and norms that informed his social and intellectual endeavors not only in America, but also in Liberia and Maryland in Liberia from 1829 to 1851. It also shows how Russwurm, the ACS, and the MSCS worked collaboratively to promote these values in the two settlements. The institutional principles included elements of early-nineteenth-century evolving American high ideals. Russwurm’s training in the classics, theology or religion, and the natural sciences at Hebron Academy and at Bowdoin College qualified him as a virtuous person, a criterion American Founding Fathers suggested was a prerequisite for a full privileged status in the new country. Although he met the above precondition, Russwurm did not become a full member of the class in question as a result of institutional racism that also characterized the mentioned rectitude.


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© Amos J. Beyan 2005

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  • Amos J. Beyan

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