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Struggling to Represent the Left: The Pan Africanist Congress, the Azanian People’s Organization, and the Independent Democrats

  • Thabisi Hoeane

Abstract

South African politics has a rich tradition of leftist political movements. During the struggle against apartheid, the African National Congress (ANC) was the foremost of these movements, though the less prominent Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) was, ideologically speaking, more radical than the ANC. Since 1994, most political parties in South Africa have moved to the center of the political spectrum, leaving the ideological Left wide open. Aside from the South African Communist Party (SACP), which is represented in government due to its alliance with the ANC, the parties that occupy this space barely receive any electoral support. In fact, were it not for the proportional representation system, most of the parties of the Left would not be represented in the National Assembly (NA) at all.

Keywords

Election Campaign African National Congress Black Candidate Human Science Research Council Party List 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 11.
    Nazma Dreyer, “Record Number of Women Candidates for the Polls,” The Cape Times, April 6, 2004, p. 6.Google Scholar
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    Moipone Malefane, “SA Needs Role-Models for AIDS Battle—De Lille,” The Star, April 6, 2004, p. 6.Google Scholar
  3. 22.
    Sam Mkokeli, “Current Opposition Ineffective,” The Herald, January 9, 2004, p. 2.Google Scholar
  4. 25.
    Tom Lodge, “The Pan Africanist Congress 1959–1990,” in The Long March: The Story of the Struggle for Liberation in South Africa, ed. Ian Liebenberg, Fiona Lortan, Bobby Nel, and Gert van Westhuizen (Pretoria: Haum, 1994), 186.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jessica Piombo and Lia Nijzink 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thabisi Hoeane

There are no affiliations available

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