Governance, Change, and Risk
The historical, geographic, and cultural characteristics of Turkey have shaped political, economic, and social developments. Historical and cultural ties haunt and challenge Turkey. Beginning in the eighteenth century, the decomposition of a medieval, patrimonial empire reaching its climax with the legal collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1922, still reverberates. There is hardly a contemporary conflict, whether in the Balkans, the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea basins, Central Asia, Caucasus, and the Middle East, that does not somehow involve, influence, and even threaten Turkey. Hence, governing Turkey first and foremost involves simultaneously managing multiple international, regional, and domestic challenges, which often interact and influence each other.
KeywordsVortex Europe Income Turkey Gasoline
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