Founding the Republic and the Cultural Revolution (1923–1946)

  • Ersin Kalaycioğlu
Part of the Middle East in Focus book series (MEF)

Abstract

The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) was established on October 29, 1923. The Treaty of Lausanne (signed on July 24, 1923), designated the new government in Ankara as the legal and legitimate heir of the Ottoman Empire, for the latter had been abolished in 1922 and thus was not a party to the Treaty.1 The new Turkish government would rather sever its ties with the decrepit and by then abolished Empire. Indeed, most enterprises and policies designed by the Turkish government after 1923 were to serve that purpose.

Keywords

Burning Depression Europe Income Syria 

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Notes

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© Ersin Kalaycioğlu 2005

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  • Ersin Kalaycioğlu

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