Introduction: Change and Stability
It is not hard to notice the name of Turkey being mentioned frequently in the international media and in most major daily newspapers in many parts of the world. Turkey was mentioned in the press and media in the recent years when she applied for full membership in the European Union in 1987, or when the Turkish troops took part in the Stability Force in Bosnia-Herzegovina that came to serve as a peace mission since 1996. Indeed, Turkish troops have been similarly serving in Macedonia to sustain the peace efforts there. Turkey participated in the military campaign of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) against the Yugoslav army in Kosovo in 1999. Turkey was one of the first countries to condemn the attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York City, Washington, DC. and Pennsylvania, and declare allegiance with the United States in the “war against terror.” Turkey took over from Britain the command of the 5,350-strong International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan on June 20, 2002 for a period of six months, and again in January 2005. Soccer fans would also recall that the Turkish national team came only third to Brazil and Germany in the World Cup finals in Japan and Korea in 2002. Indeed, whenever the Iraqi crisis recurred from 1990 until 2003 Turkey’s name reappeared in the press and the media around the globe.
KeywordsEuropean Union Gross National Product Gross National Income North Atlantic Treaty Organization Turkish Society
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