“Hot Lead from the Race Quarters”: Black East St. Louis and Self-Defense

  • Malcolm McLaughlin

Abstract

Attention has thus far focused on the actions of the white rioters and the reasons for the outbreak of violence in East St. Louis in July 1917.

Keywords

Drilling Resi Smoke Defend Toll 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Gail Bederman, Manliness and Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race in the United States, 1880–1917, Chicago and London, University of Chicago Press, 1995, pp. 46–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 6.
    Elliott M. Rudwick, Race Riot at East St Louis, July 2, 1917, Cleveland and New York, World Publishing Co., 1964, p. 57.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua, “‘A Warlike Demonstration’: Legalism, Armed Resistance, and Black Political Mobilization in Decatur, Illinois, 1894–1898,” Journal of Negro History, 83, 1 (Winter 1998), p. 67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 11.
    Timothy B. Tyson, “‘Black Power’ and the Roots of the Freedom Struggle,” Journal ofAmerican History, 85 (September 1998), p. 545.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    Leon F. Litwack, Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow, New York, Random House, 1999, pp. 422–430.Google Scholar
  6. Herbert Shapiro, White Violence and Black Response from Reconstruction to Montgomery, Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press, 1988, pp. 93–96Google Scholar
  7. Stewart E. Tolnay and E. M. Beck, A Festival of Violence: An Analysis of Southern Lynchings, 1882–1930, Urbana and Chicago, University of Illinois Press, 1995, pp. 209–210.Google Scholar
  8. 16.
    Charles Crowe, “Racial Massacre in Atlanta,” in Journal of Negro History, 54 (April 1969), p. 165.Google Scholar
  9. 19.
    William Tuttle, Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of 1919, New York, Atheneum, 1970, pp. 33–34Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Malcolm McLaughlin 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm McLaughlin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations