“Hot Lead from the Race Quarters”: Black East St. Louis and Self-Defense

  • Malcolm McLaughlin


Attention has thus far focused on the actions of the white rioters and the reasons for the outbreak of violence in East St. Louis in July 1917.


Police Officer Black Community Select Committee Black Resident Black Neighborhood 
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© Malcolm McLaughlin 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm McLaughlin

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