Popular Culture, Race, and Violence

  • Malcolm McLaughlin

Abstract

The structure of power in East St. Louis, described in chapter 2, helped to create the environment in which the 1917 race riot erupted.

Keywords

Migration Cage Smoke Arena Opium 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Rick Halpern, Down on the Killing Floor, Black and White Workers in Chicago’s Packinghouses, 1904–1950, Urbana and Chicago, University of Illinois Press, 1997, pp. 129–158.Google Scholar
  2. James R. Barrett, Work and Community in the Jungle: Chicago’s Packinghouse Workers 1894–1922, Urbana and Chicago, University of Illinois Press, 1987, pp. 203–206.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Al-Tony Gilmore, Bad Nigger! The National Impact of Jack Johnson, Port Washington, New York, and London, Kennikat Press, 1975, pp. 32–33.Google Scholar
  4. Jeffrey T. Sammons, Beyond the Ring: the role of Boxing in American Society, Urbana and Chicago, University of Illinois Press, 1988, pp. 34–47.Google Scholar
  5. 20.
    David R. Roediger, The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class, London and New York, Verso, 1991, pp. 115–127.Google Scholar
  6. Alexander Saxton, The Rise and Fall of the White Republic: Class Politics and Mass Culture in Nineteenth-Century America, London and New York, Verso, 1990, pp. 165–181.Google Scholar
  7. Robert C. Toll, Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth-Century America, London, Oxford, and New York, Oxford University Press, 1974, pp. 134–149Google Scholar
  8. Carl Wittke, Tambo and Bones, A History of the American Minstrel Stage, Durham, North Carolina, Duke University Press, 1930, pp. 61–66.Google Scholar
  9. 22.
    Douglas Gilbert, American Vaudeville, Its Life and Times, New York, Dover Publications, 1940, p. 81.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Malcolm McLaughlin 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm McLaughlin

There are no affiliations available

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