Terrorism pp 66-83 | Cite as

Terrorist Groups between the Wars

  • James M. Lutz
  • Brenda J. Lutz


The end of World War I brought many changes in borders, and new states appeared in Eastern and Central Europe. It is not surprising that there were significant disputes over the borders in these new states, and many countries underwent crises where large numbers of citizens identified with other nations or with nations that they hoped to establish. There were outbreaks of fighting both within and between states—including the Civil War in Russia and the Russo-Polish war. Government structures in the new states were especially fragile since they had had no time to become rooted in their societies. The presence of fragile political systems and uncertain borders combined with economic dislocations to set the stage for violence by dissident groups. The economic difficulties were hardly resolved when the Great Depression occurred. These major economic difficulties led to the creation of right-wing and left-wing parties that were willing to use violence and terror to attain their political objectives. The first stirrings of anticolonial violence that had been present before the war also continued, and the period witnessed major efforts at ethnic cleansing and even genocide.


Terrorist Group Jewish Immigration Weimar Republic Jewish Group Nazi Party 
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© James M. Lutz and Brenda J. Lutz 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Lutz
  • Brenda J. Lutz

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