Terrorism pp 158-168 | Cite as

Conclusions

  • James M. Lutz
  • Brenda J. Lutz

Abstract

Terrorism has been a problem for governments at least since the time of the Greeks and the Romans and has been more common than is commonly thought. Additional cases from the past will become known as historical investigations analyze earlier violent group activities from perspectives that take into account the possibility that dissident groups used terrorist tactics to achieve their political goals. This volume may even serve to encourage some research using new perspectives. Terrorism has occurred in virtually all parts of the world and in all types of society. Even the totalitarian states that avoided or eliminated dissident violence were responsible for state terrorism against their own citizens. Some types of groups or forms of terrorism have been more frequent in different historical periods. No one cause for outbreaks of terrorism was obvious in the preceding chapters, but terrorism was more likely to occur under some circumstances. Since there is no single cause for terrorism, it is unlikely that there can be any single response that is guaranteed to prevent or overcome the dissidents that rely on terrorism.

Keywords

Europe Turkey Expense Egypt Argentina 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Anna Simons, “Making Sense of Ethnic Cleansing,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 22, No. 1 (1999), p. 14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.
    Cronin, “Behind the Curve,” pp. 41–42; Daniel S. Gressang IV, “Terrorism in the 21st Century: Reassessing the Emerging Threat,” Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 13, No. 3 (2001), p. 82; and Hoffinan. “Holy Terror,” pp. 272–73.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Gurr and Cole, The New Face of Terrorism p. 31; John V. Parachini, “Comparing Motives and Outcomes of Mass Casualty Terrorism Involving Conventional and Unconventional Weapons,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 24, No. 5 (2001), p. 399; and Quillen, “A Historical Analysis of Mass Casualty Bombers,” p. 290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 5.
    Jonathan Fox, “Religion and State Failure: An Examination of the Extent and Magnitude of Religious Conflict from 1950 to 1996,” International Political Science Review, Vol. 25, No. 1 (2004), p. 66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Mark Juergensmeyer, “Holy Orders: Religious Opposition to Modern States,” Harvard International Review, Vol. 25, No. 4 (2004), p. 37.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Cameron, “Multi-Track Microproliferation,” p. 297; and Andrew O’Neill, “Terrorist Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction: How Serious Is the Threat?” Australian Journal of International A ffairs,Vol. 57, No. 1 (2003), p. 107.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Jessica Stern, The Ultimate Terrorists (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999), pp. 10, 74–76.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Arpad Palfy, “Weapon System Selection and Mass-Casualty Outcomes,” Terrorism and Political Violence,Vol. 15, No. 2 (2003), p. 92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 14.
    Peter Chalk, “Low Intensity Conflict in Southeast Asia: Piracy, Drug Trafficking and Political Terrorism,” Conflict Studies, No. 305/306 (1998), p. 12.Google Scholar
  10. 19.
    Mark Basile, “Going to the Source: Why Al Qaeda’s Financial Network Is Likely to Withstand the Current War on Terrorist Financing,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism,Vol. 27, No. 3 (2004), pp. 169–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jane Schneider and Peter Schneider, “The Mafia and al-Qaeda: Violent and Secretive Organizations in Comparative and Historical Perspective,” American Anthropologist, Vol. 104, No. 3 (2002), pp. 776–82; and Sederberg, “Global Terrorism,” pp. 280–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© James M. Lutz and Brenda J. Lutz 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Lutz
  • Brenda J. Lutz

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations