American Nation Building, 1945–2005: Costs and Consequences
To summarize our argument so far: With rare exceptions, attempts to export democracy (i.e., nation building) have failed. They have failed because (1) as social primates, our species has an inherent bias toward hierarchical political and social systems; (2) given this innate bias, democracy requires special “enabling conditions”; and (3) these conditions cannot be created overnight but take literally decades to evolve and mature. In support of this admittedly neo-Darwinian explanation, we noted the overwhelming predominance of authoritarian polities throughout history; that even today democracies still constitute only a modest minority of the world’s governments; and that nation building has so far achieved very few successes.
KeywordsGeneva Convention Nation Building Popular Vote Civilian Casualty Civilian Death
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