Dewey on Lima or the Social Prosthesis in the Construction of the New Education Discourse in Portugal (1925–1936)

  • Jorge Ramos do Ó


This chapter discusses the use of John Dewey in the educational discourse of Adolfo Lima (1874–1943). Lima was a fundamental pedagogue in the reception, structuring, and re-launching of the so-called New Education in Portugal. His action has been highlighted by the historiography of education,1 alongside figures such as Faria de Vasconcelos (1880–1914), Álvaro Viana de Lemos (1881–1972), and Antonio Sérgio (1883–1969). While these three can take most of the scientific, philosophical, and organizational credit for the movement,2 it was Adolfo Lima who articulated the reforming ideas to transform the school landscape. He was a teacher trainer, secondary schoolteacher, and pedagogical director of private and public institutions, where he implemented innovative educational experiments at the start of the twentieth century in Portugal. Furthermore, he founded and ran a pedagogical reflection journal, published a methodology and didactics manual for teachers, and, in addition to a host of essays about education, even published a pedagogical encyclopaedia.


Pedagogical Discourse Educational Discourse Educational Field Modern School Conceptual Personage 
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© Thomas S. Popkewitz 2005

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  • Jorge Ramos do Ó

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