The Ittihadist regime, now decidedly allied with Germany as one of the belligerents but confronted with the humiliations of the military defeats in Sarikamish and the Sinai Peninsula, was caught in the throes of fanatical nationalism and intense hostility toward foreign interference in their internal affairs. While expressing willingness to maintain good relations with the Wilson administration, the regime began to abuse American neutrality and threatened to close down American institutions in the Ottoman Empire. During his meetings with Minister of the Interior Mehmed Talaat Pasha, Ambassador Henry Morgenthau repeatedly requested that the Turkish authorities treat the American institutions in the empire as they would expect the U.S. government to treat foreign institutions in the United States.1


Burning Depression Europe Assure Turkey 


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  1. 9.
    Clarence D. Ussher, An American Physician in Turkey: A Narrative of Adventures in Peace and War ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1917 ), p. 221.Google Scholar

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© Simon Payaslian 2005

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