The Wilson Administration and the Ittihadist Regime

  • Simon Payaslian


The Wilson administration approached foreign policy through a bifurcated prism of principles and priorities that reflected the stress President Woodrow Wilson placed on morality, on the one hand, and the domestic and international considerations in matters of national political economy, on the other. Wilson the person opposed imperialism and the system of balance of power as practiced in the Old World, both of which he believed contributed to international conflicts and war; instead, he advocated free trade, self-determination, reduction of armaments, collective security, and international arbitration as necessary ingredients for peaceful relations among nations.1 The Wilson administration, however, in general pursued policies at variance with such principles. Contrary to the principles of free trade, for example, the administration accepted the responsibilities of the “promotional state,”2 committed to the growth of U.S. economic activities abroad. Wilsonianism soon became equated to “global corporatism.”3


Foreign Policy Licorice Root International Arbitration Armenian Population Naval Power 
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  1. 1.
    Thomas J. Knock, To End All Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the Quest for a New World Order (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992), pp. 36, 57.Google Scholar
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    Emily S. Rosenberg, Spreading the American Dream (New York: Hill and Wang, 1982), pp. 38–86 passim.Google Scholar
  3. 12.
    Lloyd E. Ambrosius, Wilsonian Statecraft: Theory and Practice of Liberal Internationalism during World War I ( Wilmington: Scholarly Resource Books, 1991 ), p. 1;Google Scholar
  4. William E. Dodd, “Wilsonism,” Political Science Quarterly 38: 1 (March 1923): 115–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    William Appleman Williams, The Tragedy of American Diplomacy, 2nd rev. edn. (New York: Dell Publishing, 1972 ), pp. 73–74.Google Scholar
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    Djemal Pasha, Memories of a Turkish Statesman, 1913–1919 ( New York: George H. Doran, 1922 ), p. 276.Google Scholar

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© Simon Payaslian 2005

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  • Simon Payaslian

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