Advertisement

The Political Economy of U.S. Foreign Policy toward the Ottoman Empire and the Armenian Question

  • Simon Payaslian

Abstract

The United States and the Ottoman Empire established bilateral relations during the early years of the founding of the republic. Even before independence, as Adam Smith noted, New England traded with the Mediterranean economies, exporting fish to these far away shores. He complained that, while previously British trade across the Mediterranean could sustain the “great naval power,” by the 1770s American trade had surpassed its mother country.1 Upon independence, commercial and geopolitical considerations constituted an essential component of U.S. foreign policy for the economic and physical survival of the new nation.2 Policymakers in the United States expressed interest in cultivating trade relations with the Ottoman Empire in the 1790s,3 but political difficulties in U.S.-British-French relations at the turn of the century, on the one hand, and extensive British, French, and Russian involvement in Ottoman affairs, on the other, prevented negotiations toward a treaty. Nevertheless, by 1811 American merchants had established a trading house at Smyrna.4

Keywords

Foreign Policy Missionary School Treasury Department American Missionary Turkish Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations gen. eds. R.H. Campbel and A.S. Skinner, textual ed. W.B. Todd, 2 vols. (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1981), vol. 2, pp. 578, 598–99.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Charles O. Paullin, Diplomatic Negotiations of American Naval Officers, 1778–1883 ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1912 ), pp. 137–38.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    James A. Field, America and the Mediterranean World, 1776–1882 ( Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969 ), p. 175.Google Scholar
  4. 37.
    Bryson, Tars, Turks, and Tankers pp. 40, 42; Lewis L. Gould, The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1991), pp. 261, 265–67.Google Scholar
  5. 38.
    Ernest R. May, Imperial Democracy ( New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1961 ), pp. 27–29.Google Scholar
  6. 73.
    Suzanne E. Moranian, “The Armenian Genocide and American Missionary Relief Efforts,” in Jay Winter, ed., America and the Armenian Genocide of 1915 ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003 ), pp. 201–02.Google Scholar
  7. 78.
    M. Vartan Malcom, The Armenians in America ( Boston: Pilgrim Press, 1919 );Google Scholar
  8. Robert Mirak, Torn Between Two Lands: Armenians in America, 1890 to World War I (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983), pp. 46–47,54–55,57.Google Scholar
  9. 79.
    See Manuk G. Chizmechian, Patmutiun Amerikahay Kaghakakan Kusaktsutiants, 1890–1925 [History of American Armenian Political Parties, 1890–1925] ( Fresno: Nor Or, 1930 ), pp. 66–67.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Simon Payaslian 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Payaslian

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations