People often hum or croon a tune to themselves to express their feelings. They also sang to promote causes such as “We shall overcome” in the 1960s. What is quoted above was one of the songs sung by people who were involved in the movement toward democracy in the 1920s in the aftermath of World War I. There was a yearning for peace, humanism, democracy, and equal rights during that period in world history. The NAACP was organized following the Niagara movement in the United States and the Society for Leveling in Japan was organized to bring an end to ethnic discrimination and servitude in both countries. Universal manhood suffrage became a reality in 1928. A few years later, in the year 1931, the era of militarism started with the establishment of a “provisional” regime in Manchuria. The Democracy movement lost strength to rising chauvinism characterized by its preemption strategy until its defeat in 1945.
KeywordsVoter Turnout Welfare Recipient Eligible Voter Universal Suffrage Social Alienation
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