Advertisement

The Role of the School in Africa in the Twenty-First Century: Coping with Forces of Change

  • Okwach Abagi

Abstract

This quotation by Ocitti, a renowned African educator, articulates the challenge: to make education responsive to Africa’s development needs and priorities in the twenty-first century, school and its role must be reconceptualized and redefined by Africans—based on Africa’s environment, experiences, and needs. It is from this perspective that this chapter outlines the role of the school in this time of change, in particular in the era of AIDS, globalization, and democratization. Emphasis is placed on the forces of change that need to be dealt with in order to meet individual, societal, and national development needs. Others have contributed to this discussion: thus it is the intention of this chapter to join that discussion and to move it forward (see especially Carnoy, 1999; Castells, 1998; Cloete et al., 1997; Cohen, 1999; Kelly, 2000; Muller, Cloete and Badat, 2001; UNESCO, 2000; World Bank, 1999).

Keywords

Good Governance Information Communication Technology Hide Curriculum African Society Indigenous Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abagi, O. (1999). Education for the next millennium. In P. Kimuyu, M. Wagacha and O. Abagi (Eds.), Kenya’s strategic polices for the 21st century. Nairobi: IPAR.Google Scholar
  2. Abagi, O. and Okwach, A. (2002). Education for underdevelopment in Africa: Understanding the paradox of Western Schools in African Context (mimeo).Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, J. (1970). The struggle for the school. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  4. Ayittey, G.B.N. (1991). Indigenous African institutions. New York: Transnational.Google Scholar
  5. Banks, O. (1968). The sociology of education. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  6. Bell, D. (1974). The coming of post-industrial society. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  7. Bogonko, S.N. (1978). Indigenous education in East Africa. In S.A.H. Abidi (Ed.), The future of education in Eastern Africa (pp. 39–48). The Professors World Peace Academy of Uganda.Google Scholar
  8. Boocock, S.S. (1980). Sociology of education: An introduction. New York: University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Carnoy, M. (1999). Globalisation and educational reform: What planners need to know. Paris: UNESCO- International Institute for Educational Planning.Google Scholar
  10. Carnoy, M., Castells, M., Cohen, S. and Cardozo, F.H. (1993). The new global economy in the information age. University Park, PA: Pennsylavania State University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Castells, M. (1998). The information age: Economy, society and culture. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  12. Cohen, D. (1999). The HIV epidemic and the education sector in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV and development Programme, Issues Paper No. 32. New York: UNDP.Google Scholar
  13. Cloete, N., Muller, J., Makgoba, M.W. and Ekong, D. (1997). Knowledge, identity and curriculum transformation in Africa. Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman.Google Scholar
  14. Coombs, P.H. (1985). The world crisis in education: The view from the eighties. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Datta, A. (1984). Education and society: A sociology of African education. London: Macmillan Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. Fafunwa, A.B. (1974). A history of education in Nigeria. London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  17. Gillis, A.R. (1980). Social change. In R. Hagedorn (Ed.), Sociology (pp. 517–548). Toronto: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  18. Goslin, D.A. (1965). The school in contemporary society. Illinois: Scott, Foreman and Company.Google Scholar
  19. Indire, F.F. (1974). Patterns of learning of the youth in traditional Eastern African Society. In Basic education in Eastern Africa (pp. 81–89). Nairobi: UNESCO/UNICEF.Google Scholar
  20. Kelly, M.J. (2000). Planning for Education in the Context of HIV/AIDS. Paris: UNESCO: International Institute for Educational Planning.Google Scholar
  21. Kenyatta, Jomo (1938). Facing Mount Kenya. London: Secker and Warburg.Google Scholar
  22. Magubane, B.M. (1999). The African renaissance in historical perspective. In W.M. Makgoba, African renaissance (pp. 10–36) Cape Town: Mafube and Tafelberg.Google Scholar
  23. Mazrui, A. (1986). The Africans. London: BBC Publications.Google Scholar
  24. Mbiti, J.S. (1970). African religions and philosophies. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  25. Muller J., Cloete, N. and Badat. S. (2001). Challenges of globalisation: South African Debates. Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman.Google Scholar
  26. New Africa Magazine (2001 and 2002). Edited by B. Ankomah.Google Scholar
  27. Nyerere, J.K. (1962). Ujamaa: The basis of African socialism. Dar-es-Salaam: Government Printer.Google Scholar
  28. Nyerere, J.K. (1968). Education for self-reliance. Arusha: Longman.Google Scholar
  29. Ocitti, J.P. (1994). An introduction to indigenous education in East Africa. IIZ/DVV Supplement to Adult Education and Development No. 42.Google Scholar
  30. Ophuls, W. (1992). Ecology and the politics of scarcity revisited. New York: W.H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  31. Robertson, I. (1977). Sociology. New York: Worth.Google Scholar
  32. Rodney, W. (1989). How Europe undeveloped Africa. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers.Google Scholar
  33. Sifuna, D.N. (1990). Development of education in Africa. Nairobi: Initiatives Publishers.Google Scholar
  34. Toffler, A. (1970). Future shock. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  35. UNAIDS (1999). AIDS epidemic update: December 1999. Geneva: UNAIDS.Google Scholar
  36. UNESCO (1996). Learning the Treasure Within. Report to UNESCO of the International Commission on education for the Twenty-First Century. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  37. UNESCO (2000). Overcoming the effects of HIV/AIDS on basic education. Report of Sub-Plenary Session, World Education Forum, Dakar, Senegal, April 27, 2000. Paris: World Education Forum Secretariat, UNESCO.Google Scholar
  38. World Bank (1999). Intensifying action against HIV/AIDS in Africa: Responding to a development crisis. Africa Region, the World Bank. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ali A. Abdi and Ailie Cleghorn 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Okwach Abagi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations