From Empire to Nation

  • Patrick Clawson
  • Michael Rubin
Part of the The Middle East in Focus book series (MEF)


Many Middle Eastern and Central Asian states are artificial, their borders haphazardly drawn by British and French and Russian officials in backrooms and chancery gardens in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These countries’ leaders and schoolbooks often try to foster an artificial narrative of their history, retroactively creating nationalism. Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov, for example, has recast the fourteenth-century leader Amir Timur (Tamerlane) as “father of the Uzbeks.” Saddam Hussein rebuilt the ancient city of Babylon, inscribing bricks with the words, “From Nebuchadnezzar to Saddam Hussein,” in an attempt to tie his state into the great Empire of Babylon.1


Religious Minority Islamic World Iranian State East India Company Iranian Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Patrick Clawson and Michael Rubin 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Clawson
  • Michael Rubin

There are no affiliations available

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