With Japan’s defeat in the Pacific War, people spoke of the need to build a New Japan. While there was widespread horror at the devastation caused by the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, there was also awe at the harnessing of science to cause such destruction. Whereas conservative politicians such as Yasuhiro Nakasone yearned for the past and continued to embrace the idea of samurai spirit, the physicists (some of whom were of samurai background) chose the imported discourses of science, Marxism, democracy, and freedom to frame themselves in a new light. There was championing of the need to think like a scientist, to value freedom of inquiry and expression, and to be skeptical and critical of authority.1 Instead of portraying knowledge as the domain of a select elite, scientists sought to work toward the democratization of knowledge.2
KeywordsNuclear Weapon Atomic Bomb Conservative Politician International Scientific Community Defense Agency
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