Celebration and Construction, 1932–1934

  • Borden W. PainterJr.
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)

Abstract

The year 1932 marked an important stage of development for fascist Rome. The tenth anniversary of the March on Rome, the Decennale, offered the regime the opportunity to celebrate its achievements and especially to introduce new spaces and events in Rome. An English-language pamphlet of the state-sponsored tourist agency boasted that the regime had “completely transformed Italy” in its first decade. “Anyone visiting Rome after an absence of ten years can hardly believe that so many and such important works could have been accomplished during this short period of time.” It pointed to the Via dell’Impero, the new towns in the reclaimed areas of the Pontine Marshes, and the opening up of the city’s ancient monuments.1 Mussolini’s imprint already gave the city a new look appropriate to the rhythm of modern life, with one construction project after another superimposing a new and beautiful city on imperial Rome.2 “It is not exaggerated to affirm that side by side with old Rome and even within its walls, another city has sprung up or rather has been revealed during the last ten years: a new Rome that deserves to be visited as much as the old one generally described in guide-books.”3

Keywords

Expense Manure Excavation Sorting Dinate 

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Notes

  1. 9.
    Guido Calza, “The Via dell’Impero and the Imperial Fora,” Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects (March 1934): 491.Google Scholar
  2. 11.
    On the Mostra della Rivoluzione Fascista, see Marla Stone, “Staging Fascism: The Exhibition of the Fascist Revolution,” Journal of Contemporary History 28 (April 1993): 215–243, and Patron State chapter 5; also Jeffrey T. Schnapp, “Epic Demonstrations,” 1–38; and articles by Schnapp, Diane Ghirardo and Libero Andreotti in JAE: Journal of Architectural Education 45 (February 1992): 67–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 12.
    Margherita Sarfatti, “Architettura, Arte e Simbolo alla Mostra della Rivoluzione,” Architettura (January 1933): 1.Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    See Claudio Fogu, “Fascism and Historic Representation: The 1932 Garibaldian Celebrations,” Journal of Contemporary History 31:2 (April 1996): 317–345, and his The Historic Imaginary: Politics of History in Fascist Italy (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003 ): 122–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 14.
    Dino Alfieri and Luigi Freddi, Mostra della Rivoluzione Fascista (Rome: Partito Nazionale Fascista, 1933; facsimile edition, Milan: Industrie Grafiche Italiana, 1982.)Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    Barbara Allason, Memorie di un antifascista (Milan, 1961; originally published in 1947): 123–125.Google Scholar
  7. 17.
    Anthony Eden, Facing the Dictators: The Memoirs of Anthony Eden, Earl of Avon ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1962 ): 88.Google Scholar
  8. 20.
    Herman Finer, Mussolini’s Italy (New York: Grosset Dunlap, 1965; originally published in 1935): 397–398.Google Scholar
  9. 22.
    Antonio Mufioz, Via dei Trionfi ( Rome: Governatorato di Roma, 1933 ): 5–6.Google Scholar
  10. 25.
    Antonio Mufioz, Il Parco di Traino e La Sistemazione delle Terme Imperiali ( Rome: Biblioteca d’Arte, 1936 ): 16.Google Scholar
  11. 28.
    Antonio Mufioz, “La Via del Circo Massimo,” Capitolium (1934): 479–481.Google Scholar
  12. 31.
    Bruno Tobia, L’Altare della Patria ( Bologna: Mulino, 1998 ): 87–88.Google Scholar
  13. 32.
    Philip M. Hannan, Rome: Living Under the Axis ( McKees Rocks, Penn.: St. Andrew’s Productions, 2003 ): 31–32.Google Scholar
  14. 46.
    Alexander De Grand, Italian Fascism, edition (Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2000 ): 80.Google Scholar

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© Borden Painter 2005

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  • Borden W. PainterJr.

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