Mussolini’s Obsession with Rome

  • Borden W. PainterJr.
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)


On October 28, 1922, King Victor Emmanuel III invited Benito Mussolini, leader of the Fascist Party, to form a government. It was a triumphant moment for Mussolini, who had founded the fascist movement only three and a half years before with a few hundred followers in Milan. The movement had taken off by 1920, attracting thousands of adherents, especially veterans of the Great War. Mussolini transformed the movement into a political party that offered Italians a hypernationalism and promised to give Italy new life through a program of internal unity and external strength. Fascism promised its own revolution, but one that would produce a new Italy and new Italians while saving the nation from class warfare and a bloody Bolshevik-style revolution.


Master Plan Historic Center Ancient Site Ancient Monument Fascist Regime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Robert C. Fried, Planning the Eternal City: Roman Politics and Planning Since World War II (New Haven, Conn. and London: Yale University Press, 1973 ): 32.Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    On the Institute and the cult of romanité see the article by Antonio La Penna, “Il culto della romanità, La rivista ‘Roma’ e Istituto di studi romani,” Italia Contemporanea 217 (December 1999): 605–630.Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    Romke Visser, “Fascist Doctrine and the Cult of Romanità,” Journal of Contemporary History 27 (1992): 5–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Emilio Gentile, “Fascism as a Political Religion,” Journal of Contemporary History 25 (1990): 229–251, and “The Conquest of Modernity: From Modernist Nationalism to Fascism,” Modernism/Modernity 1 (September 1994): 54–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 12.
    Mark Antliff, “Fascism, Modernism, and Modernity,” The Art Bulletin 84: 1 (March 2002): 152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 13.
    Italo Insolera, Roma moderna: Un secolo di scoria urbanistica ( Turin: Einaudi, 1962 ): 121–122.Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    Edwin Ware Hullinger, The New Fascist State: A Study of Italy under Mussolini (New York: Rae D. Henkle, 1928 ): 143–145.Google Scholar
  8. 15.
    John Patric, “Imperial Rome Reborn,” The National Geographic Magazine 71: 3 (March 1937): 269–325.Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    Antonio Cederna, Mussolini Urbanista: Lo sventramento di Roma negli anni del consenso (Rome-Bari: Laterza, 1981): 97ff.Google Scholar
  10. 22.
    Ezra Pound, Jerson and/or Mussolini: I’Idea Statale, Fascism as I Have Seen It (New York: Liveright, 1995) [originally published 1935], 33–34.Google Scholar
  11. 23.
    See entry on Piacentini in Philip V. Cannistraro, ed., Historical Dictionary of Fascist Italy (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1829 ): 421.Google Scholar
  12. 25.
    Antonio Mufioz, Roma di Mussolini ( Milan: Fratelli Treves, 1935 ): 149.Google Scholar
  13. 28.
    Georgina Masson, The Companion Guide to Rome, revised by Tim Jepson (Suffolk, UK and Rochester, NY: Boydell Brewer, 2000 ): 92.Google Scholar
  14. 29.
    Sergio Lambase, ed., Storia Fotografica di Roma ( Naples: Intra Moenia, 2003 ), 254.Google Scholar
  15. 49.
    Rossi, Roma, Guida all’architettura moderna ( Rome-Bari: Laterza, 2000 ): 72.Google Scholar
  16. 51.
    Emil Ludwig, Talks with Mussolini (Boston: Little, Brown, 1933). The original edition in German appeared in 1932, as did the Italian translation, Colloqui con Mussolini ( Milan: Mondadori, 1932 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Borden Painter 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Borden W. PainterJr.

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations