Long-Term Effects of Lengthy Starvation in Childhood among Survivors of the Siege
The long-term consequences of the protracted starvation or inadequate nutrition of children is a problem in which considerable interest has been shown in recent decades.1 The results of observations of children born during the years of the Depression in Britain have been described in numerous publications,2 and considerable information is available about the health of people born during five months of famine in the winter of 1944-45 in Holland.3 Between June 1941 and January 1944 the civilian population of Leningrad was besieged for two and a half years. The non-combatant population of this large European city lived through lengthy periods of starvation or malnutrition against a background of additional complex stress factors (including cold, bombing, death of relatives and acquaintances, and lack of means of transport and communication). It may be assumed that the health in adulthood of those who were children and young people in Leningrad during the siege differed from that of people of the same age who were spared those extreme conditions.
KeywordsObesity Hepatitis Depression Pneumonia Gastritis
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