• Julio Crespo MacLennan
Part of the St Antony’s book series


The study of Spain and the process of European integration may initially seem a marginal topic due to the fact that Spain was isolated from mainstream Europe until recent times. An attempt to ascertain the influence of the European Community on Spain’s political development may appear equally discouraging. For a historian dealing with such a recent period, political science and international relations provide useful explanations for the problems encountered in doing research into this field. Regime transformations in southern Europe, and particularly in Spain have received much scholarly attention over the last decades, yet the international factors affecting them have been generally neglected, undoubtedly due to the widespread notion that political changes must be examined within their own context and that the international dimension plays a very limited role. If we refer to the theorists of transitions, neither the functionalist nor the actor-oriented theories of transitions seem to take international factors sufficiently into consideration. Philippe C. Schmitter wrote that one of the firmest conclusions of how transitions to democracy take place was that they were largely to be explained in terms of national forces and calculations and that external actors tended to play an indirect and marginal role.1


European Community European Integration European Economic Community Sociological Publication Regime Transformation 
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Copyright information

© Julio Crespo MacLennan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio Crespo MacLennan
    • 1
  1. 1.St Antony’s CollegeUK

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