New Priorities for Foreign Aid

Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


For most African countries, it is a profound paradox that at precisely the time when a conducive environment for growth was being established through the sacrifices of difficult political and economic reforms, levels of ODA flows were cut back sharply. As indicated in Chapter 1, notwithstanding the increasingly sound macroeconomic fundamentals in African countries, the recovery has not only been weak but also very precarious. The recovery was in fact due partly to improvement in policies, leading to more efficient resource allocation, and partly to the relatively strong performance of commodity prices in 1996–7. Strong investment performance, diversification and build-up of productive capacity have not driven the recovery. To this extent, the sustainability of the recovery in the face of Africa’s deep-rooted economic difficulties, population and related pressures is in doubt.


Civil Society African Country Economic Recovery Global Environmental Facility Global Poverty 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    See United Nations (2000), United Nations Millennium Declaration (New York: UN General Assembly, 8 September 2000).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See UNDP (1997) Human Development Report, 1997 (New York: UNDP/Oxford University Press), p. 3.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See UNDP (1998), Human Development Report, 1998 (New York: UNDP/Oxford University Press), p. 17.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    See OECD (1996), Shaping the 21st Century: The Contribution of Development Co-operation (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    See UK Government (1997), Eliminating World Poverty: A Challenge for the 21st Century, White Paper on International Development (London: HM Stationery Office), p. 1.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    See Government of Canada (1995), Canada in the World, Government Statement (Ottawa: Government Services Canada). p. 42.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    See UN (1997), The World Conferences: Developing Priorities for the 21st Century (UN Briefing Paper Series), p. v.Google Scholar
  8. 15.
    See UNDP (1997), Human Development Report, 1997, p. 112. The breakdown of this amount is as follows: the cost of achieving basic education for all is $6 billion; basic health and nutrition, $13 billion; reproductive health and family planning, $12 billion; and low-cost water supply and sanitation, $9 billion.Google Scholar
  9. See also UNDP (1998) Human Development Report, 1998 (New York: Oxford University Press), p. 37.Google Scholar
  10. 18.
    UNDP (1998), Human Development Report, 1998 (New York: UNDP/Oxford University Press), p. 3.Google Scholar
  11. 26.
    See Vijay S. Makhan (1996), ‘Statement at the World Food Summit’ (Addis Ababa: OAU/AEC, mimeo, 14 November 1996).Google Scholar

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© Vijay S. Makhan 2002

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