Skip to main content

Populism Italian Style

  • Chapter

Abstract

Analyses of the neopopulist wave that swept through a growing number of European countries from the mid-1980s onwards often emphasise its novelty and link it to some of the great social transformations that have, throughout history, brought the relationship of trust between citizens, political parties and representative institutions into a state of crisis. Among causes mentioned are shifts in the traditional cleavages outlined by Lipset and Rokkan (1967), the crumbling away of large-scale heavy industries and the consequent weakening of class ties, the opening up of borders and loss of relevance for nation-states, the growth of new forms of production linked to territory, to families or even single individuals, the financialisation of the economy, and globalisation, which favours competition without frontiers, and massive shifts in population from poorer to richer countries. It is frequently stressed that all these processes taken together have created a new, accelerated phase of modernisation which, by overthrowing consolidated social hierarchies, political loyalties and cultural traditions, have opened up a gap between ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ in the globalised society (Kriesi 1999). Among the ‘losers’ this process has sown the seeds of a psychological condition marked by resentment, delusion and disenchantment on which populist parties can capitalise (Betz 1994), by stirring up and directing protest against the political classes who are held responsible for the situation.

Keywords

  • Political Party
  • Ordinary People
  • Direct Democracy
  • Political Corruption
  • Political Class

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1057/9781403920072_7
  • Chapter length: 19 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4039-2007-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Copyright information

© 2002 Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Tarchi, M. (2002). Populism Italian Style. In: Mény, Y., Surel, Y. (eds) Democracies and the Populist Challenge. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781403920072_7

Download citation