Spracklen concludes by repeating the argument that critical sociology, critical thinking across the social sciences, is morally necessary because it reveals the truth about the abuses of power that hold the majority of the world’s population in positions of marginality. This final moral case is the Marxist one, or the radical feminist one, or the one from Critical Race Theory: we need critical thinking to reveal the truth about the gross inequalities that are a product of modernity, instrumentality and global capitalism. Spracklen appeals to all social scientists to embrace this call and this moral case, and to work to ensure the moral case is central to their teaching and their research, then suggests practical steps that might be taken to help social scientists resist the pressure to be instrumental in their work.
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